Krishan Dutt Sharma

Web Developer

Difference Between MVC And Web Forms

Introduction

 
In this tip, I will explain what MVC is and how it is different from web forms. I will start a series of learning MVC soon.
 

What is MVC?

 
Let's start first with what is MVC?
 
In a general sense, MVC stands for Model-View-Controller. It is a software design pattern. It is different from MVVM pattern.
MVC is a pattern based on separation of concerns, which means that View, Model and Controller are independent of each other. As a result, working in teams, maintenance and testing of the application become simpler and easier.
 
So, now what is this Model, View and Controller?
 
Model 
 
The Model in MVC is a set of classes or project that describe your business logic. It represents all the business logic, like manipulating of data for your business/application, and data access operations like how you connect with database and get the data. In MVC, Model directly communicates with the Controller.
 
View 
 
The View in MVC are pages which we display to users, i.e., UI part which may consist of HTML, CSS, jQuery, JavaScript, etc. View part is actually completely responsible for displaying data. It takes data from the Controller and also sends back data to the Controller. It does not communicate directly with the Model.
 
Controller 
 
The Controller in MVC is the base of MVC architecture. Every request comes first to Controller then Controller requests the required information from Model and then it sends that information (data) to View in various formats. It works as a communicator and validator between View and Model.
 
Model view controller
 
ASP.NET MVC
 
So, now what is ASP.NET MVC and how it is different from ASP.NET Web Forms?
 
ASP.NET MVC is based on the MVC design pattern which provides us the facility to create an application fast, easily and full control. It is not a substitute of Web Forms but it is a new technology which keeps you updated with new web technologies like HTML5, Ajax, Web API, SignalR, OAuth, Identity 2.0, etc. You don't need to learn these in order to learn MVC but you can use them inside MVC.
 
So, let's compare features of MVC and Web Form.
 

ASP.NET MVC vs Web Forms

 
 
There are many other differences related to architecture because MVC gets created from scratch. Although it is inherited from the same library System.Web, it has all the functionalities which we have earlier.
 

Conclusion

 
If you are developing a new application, then definitely go with ASP.NET MVC because it will give all the flexibility you need for current and future web development. It supports very well with EntityFrameWork, WebAPI, OAuth, SignalR, Jquery, Ajax, AngularJs, CSS and other latest technologies.